Rules of the Game

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1) There are 9 players on a team.

2) The field is divided into the infield and outfield.

3) Any ball going outside the first or third base line is a foul ball (runners can not advance and the batter gets another try unless the ball was caught in the air, which then is called an out.)

4) An official game is 7 innings. An inning is when both teams have had their turn to bat.

5) The visiting team bats in the first half of each inning, called the "top of the inning," the home team bats in the second half of each inning, called the "bottom of the inning."

6) There is no set time that an inning lasts; each half of the inning continues until the defense accumulates three outs. If the game is tied after the last inning, the game goes into "extra innings," and continues until one team holds a lead at the end of an inning.

Pitching

1) The pitcher must have both feet on the pitcher's mound and can only take one step forward while pitching.

2) The ball must be thrown underhand.

3) Both hands must be on the ball at the start of the pitch.

Batting

1) Batters must follow the same batting order throughout the whole game.

2) The batter is out if and when three strikes have been called, a fly ball is caught, or the batter does not stand in the batter's box.

Base Running

1) Runners must touch each base in order.

2) Runners may overrun first base only. All other bases the runner may be tagged and called out if they are off the base.

3) Runners can not lead off a base, they must be on base until the ball has left the pitcher's hand.

4) After a fly ball has been caught, the base runner must tag the occupied base before advancing to the next base.

5) One base runner can not pass another base runner that is ahead of them.

6) A runner is out if they are tagged with the ball before reaching the base, the ball gets to first base before the runner, or they run more than 3 feet out of the base line to avoid being tagged.

Terms

1) Ball- A legally pitched ball that does not enter the strike zone (four balls equal a walk)

2) Grounder- A ball that is hit on the ground

3) Force Out- When the runner has to advance to the next base to make room for the following base runner

4) Fly Ball- Ball hit up in the air to the outfield

5) On deck- the next batter

6) Pop Up- Ball hit up in the air to the outfield

7) Strike- Term used when a ball is swung at and missed or is called when the ball enters the strike zone and is not swung at all

8) Strike Zone- The ball passes the batter over the plate between their chest and knees

9) Infield- The infield is that portition of the field in fair territory, which includes areas normally covered by infielders

10) Outfield- The part of the field beyond the diamond, or infield. It is occupied by the fielders and it is farthest from the batsman

11) Foul Lines- Two lines (first and third base line) that distinguish fair territory from foul territory

12) Fair Territory- Fair territory is that part of the playing field within and including the first and third base foul lines from home plate to the extreme playing field fence and perpendicularly upward

13) Batter's Box- Box marked with chalk near home plate that a batter must stay within while batting

14) Double Play- A play in which the defense records two outs

15) Triple Play- A play during which the defense records three outs

16) Home Run- Fair ball hit over the outfield fence between the two foul poles

17) Walk- Player advances to first base when four consecutive pitches were called as balls

18) Hit and run- Base runner advances to next base when the pitch is released, knowing that the batter is swinging at the pitch

19) Line Drive- Ball hit with a trajectory almost parallel to the ground

20) Sacrifice- A batter strategically hits the ball into an out situation to advance or score a runner. Usually a "sacrifice bunt" or "sacrifice fly."

Site created by Helene Yadgood, Spring 2017