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Dr. James Naismiths's Original 13 Rules

1. The ball can move to any direction with one or both hands.

2. The ball can be hit in any direction with one or both hands.

3. The player cannot run with the ball. The player can throw the move if they aren't moving.

4. The ball can be held in or between the hands. The ball can't be held with arms or body

5. No pushing, holding or tripping another player from the opposite team, this is a foul.

6. A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violation of Rules 3,4, and such as described in Rule 5.

7.  If one team makes three consecutive fouls, it shall count a goal for the opponents.

8. A goal shall be made when the ball is shot or hit from the grounds into the basket, providing those defending the goal do not touch or disturb the goal. If the ball rests on the edges, and the opponent moves the basket, it shall count as a goal.

9. When the ball goes out of bounds, it shall be thrown into the field of play by the person first touching it. In case of a dispute, the umpire shall throw it straight into the field. The thrower-in is allowed five seconds; if he/her holds it longer, it shall go to the opponent.

10. The umpire should be calling fouls and note the fouls also note to the referee when 3 consecutive fouls have been made.

11. The referee should decide when the play is in, in bounds, which side should belongs. Referee decide if its a goal or not.

12.  The time shall be two 15-minute halves, with five minutes' rest between.

13. If the opposite team has more baskets, wins. If both teams has the same amount of baskets plays again until one team makes a basket.

Note: Basketball was originally two words and these original rules were published January 15, 1892 in the Springfield College school newspaper, The Triangle.


Today rules

-The players should bounce, dribble the ball with one hand while moving their feet. If the players have the ball with both hands and pick up the ball, they can only move one foot, which is called the pivot foot.

-Each player on one team should take one turn to dribble. Once the player stopped dribbling they can't dribble again, but they dribble agian its call double-dribble and loose the ball to the other team.

-The ball must stay in bounds. If the offensive team loses the ball out of bounds the other team gets control of the ball.

-Hand must be on top of the ball while dribbling. If they touch the bottom of the ball while dribbling and continues to dribble, it's called "carry".

-Once the offensive team crosses the half court, they may not go back into the backcourt. If so, its called backcourt violation. If the defensive team knocks the ball into the backcourt, then the offensive team can recover the ball legally.

-If the defensive player may not touch the offensive player in a way that causes the offensive player to lose the ball or miss a shot, if so its called a fould and the offensive player shots free throws.

-The player cannot kick the ball or hit it with their fist.




Point Guard-the back-court player who directs the team's offense

Shooting Guard-score points for the team

Small Forward-forward who is typically smaller then a power forward, and is often more agile and a better shot

Power Forward - a large forward who plays in the low post and typically has good rebounding skills

Center- tallest player on the team and often has a great deal of strength and body mass as well.






Shooting- a basketball shot that rolls off the tips of the fingers into the basket

Passing- attempt to move a live ball between two teammates

Rebounding- retrieves the ball after a missed free throws, lay ups, or jump shots



Individual Drills- to have plays for yourself to be bale to shoot or pass

Teams Drills- have plays so you can be open to shoot


Site created by Deirdre Meagher, Spring 2017.